fix(database): use the request-based database sessions provided by flask-sqlalchemy

Currently the database session is created during application startup and
is used in all threads.  This is problematic, since the session is not
thread-safe.
Now we use the request-based database session provided by
flask-sqlachemy instead.

But this does not really solve the problem of using the same session in
different threads, since the threads are started within a request.
1 job for lars-93-short-lived-database-sessions in 1 minute and 22 seconds (queued for 3 seconds)